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SMART Research - Typical & Disadvantaged Adolescents

A group of teenage students are smiling while leaning against lockers.

The earliest published evidence for SMART™ was born in a randomized control trial (RCT) measuring gist-reasoning abilities of students in typical middle school classrooms.


  • in-person study including over 900 middle schoolers

  • teacher training (reaching more that 82,000 students)

  • measured academic improvements in standardized tests (Reading, Mathematics, Science, and Social Studies)

Published Research

Happy teen high school student studying with laptop books doing online research homework assignment, smiling teenage girl using computer for children online education concept.

Effects of Higher-order Cognitive Strategy Training on Gist Reasoning and Fact-learning in Adolescents

Findings from this randomized controlled trial (RCT) suggest students can significantly improve gist-reasoning and fact-learning abilities by engaging in SMART™ strategies to support the ability to abstract meaning.

Adolescent students and teacher smiling by a window.

Enhancing Inferential Abilities in Adolescence: New Hope for Students in Poverty

By measuring a variety of critical skills for higher-order learning, this study examines the effects of SMART™ Brain Training on gist reasoning and fact recall among middle school students.

Jacque Gamino conducting SMART training with a group of Dallas-area teachers.

Higher-order Executive Function in Middle School: Training Teachers to Enhance Cognition in Young Adolescents

Using the SMART™ protocol, this study investigated outcomes from providing short-term, intensive training to middle school teachers by measuring evidence of higher-order executive function in their students.

A young female student is studying while looking at the tablet. Child. Kid. Youth.

Inhibitory Control Gains From Higher-order Cognitive Strategy Training

Findings from this study indicate that training higher-order executive functions using SMART™ Brain Training can strengthen inhibitory control among middle school students.