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Reasoning Training in Veteran and Civilian Traumatic Brain Injury with Persistent Mild Impairment

Three happy elderly men are wearing Air Force uniforms while smiling into the camera.

Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair

Asha Vas, Sandra Chapman, Sina Alsan, Jeffrey Spence, Molly Keebler, Gisella Rodriguez-Larrain, Barry Rodgers, Tiffani Jantz, David Martinez, Jelena Rakic and Daniel Krawczyk

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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a chronic condition that can result in persistent impairments in complex cognitive processes years after sustaining an injury. In addition to impairments in cognitive processes, these individuals may also experience persistent functional deficits, altered emotions, and physical symptoms such as headaches. Cognitive training programs are often implemented to mitigate the deficits. The SMART™ program helped individuals with TBI show improvement in executive function, memory, abstract reasoning, as well as a reduction in depressive symptoms and stress. Following brain imaging, it was shown there was increased brain blood flow to areas targeted by cognitive training such as the frontal lobe networks. The SMART program provided its participants a set of strategies that can improve cognitive control, executive functions, daily functions, and enhance the psychological health of the individual. The SMART program further facilitates improved neural health as measured by increased brain blood flow in the areas critical for the cognitive skills addressed in the training.
Reasoning Training in Veteran and Civilian Traumatic Brain Injury with Persistent Mild Impairment (Fig. 3)

Figure 3 shows increases in brain blood flow in the (A) Frontal Gyrus, (B) Insula, and (C) Anterior Cingulate Cortex as a result of completing the gist reasoning training SMART.

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Sandi Chapman with blue jacket and green/blue lights, horizontal. Founder and Chief Director, Center for BrainHealth, Co-Leader, The BrainHealth Project Dee Wyly Distinguished Professor

Sandra Bond Chapman, PhD

Chief Director Dee Wyly Distinguished Professor, School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences Co-Leader, The BrainHealth Project

Jeffrey Spence portrait, white background, vertical. Director of Biostatistics at the Center for BrainHealth.

Jeffrey S. Spence, PhD

Director of Biostatistics

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SMART Brain Training

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