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Sensitivity and Specificity of Abstraction Using Gist Reasoning Measure in Adults with Traumatic Brain Injury

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Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research

Asha K. Vas, Jeffrey S. Spence, Benjamin Eschler and Sandra Bond Chapman

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In everyday life, we are required to pull out meanings from large amounts of complex information - gist reasoning. We engage in this process when reading, watching television, having conversations, doctor's appointments, and meetings at work. This ability has been consistently shown to be impaired following a traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study sought to expand upon prior publications by further examining the differences in abstraction between injured and uninjured adults. Additionally, this study investigated the sensitivity of popular measures of abstraction in their ability to distinguish injured and uninjured adults as well as which combination of abstraction measures is most sensitive and specific.

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Jeffrey Spence portrait, white background, vertical. Director of Biostatistics at the Center for BrainHealth.

Jeffrey S. Spence, PhD

Director of Biostatistics

Sandi Chapman with blue jacket and green/blue lights, horizontal. Founder and Chief Director, Center for BrainHealth, Co-Leader, The BrainHealth Project Dee Wyly Distinguished Professor

Sandra Bond Chapman, PhD

Chief Director Dee Wyly Distinguished Professor, School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences Co-Leader, The BrainHealth Project

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