Facebook pixelInhibitory Control Gains From Higher-order Cognitive Strategy Training
Go to home page

Inhibitory Control Gains From Higher-order Cognitive Strategy Training

A young female student is studying while looking at the tablet. Child. Kid. Youth.

Brain and Cognition

Michael A. Motes, Jacquelyn F. Gamino, Sandra B. Chapman, Neena K. Rao, Mandy J. Maguire, Matthew R. Brier, Michael A. Kraut and John Hart Jr.

Read full research article

Overview

This study examined the ability for cognitive training aimed at improving critical thinking and reasoning to improve inhibitory control, a basic, but essential executive function. The cognitive training program, Strategic Memory Advanced Reasoning Tactics (SMART™), was administered during regular school hours and consisted of ten sessions over a one-month period. Evidence was gathered from EEG scans to measure students’ performance before and after training. Findings suggest training higher-order executive functions can strengthen the basic executive function of inhibitory control. Strengthening inhibition has the potential to facilitate learning and problem-solving across a range of domains. 

Figure 8 displays the differences in pre-and post-test results from both the controls and those who completed the SMART training. The suggested mechanism for increased inhibitory control in the SMART condition is a generalized engagement in deeper semantic processing.

Share this article


Jacquelyn Gamino, PhD

Director of Adolescent Reasoning Initiative Assistant Research Professor

Sandra Bond Chapman, PhD

Chief Director Dee Wyly Distinguished Professor, School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences Co-Leader, The BrainHealth Project


Related Information

Cognitive Gains From Gist Reasoning Training in Adolescents With Chronic-Stage Traumatic Brain Injury

This randomized controlled trial (RCT) shows how months or even years after traumatic brain injury, SMART™ has the potential to help adolescents improve certain cognitive impairments once thought to be long-lasting.

Friends of BrainHealth Who Facilitate Groundbreaking Research and Treatments to Improve Brain Performance

Two of the most enthusiastic supporters of Center for BrainHealth, Jennifer and Peter Roberts contributed $1 million toward the center’s The BrainHealth Project, a groundbreaking multiyear research collaboration of scientists around the globe working to unlock the brain’s potential.